The following various disciplines are represented:
- Economy & Finance
- Environment & Biodiversity
- Health & Long-Term Care
- Natural Events
- Risk Cover
- Risk Management
- "Rapport pédagogique & scientifique" [FR] | 06.2021 | Author: Dauphine Tunis - PSL |
Financed by the SCOR Foundation, the project is designed to develop training and research in Tunisia, with a view to creating an actuarial community that meets international requirements.
- "Risks of death at extreme old ages" [FR] | 2021 | Author: Linh Hoang Khanh Dang |
"Risques de décès aux âges extrêmes de la vie » - Several international studies have been conducted recently on mortality after the age of 110 (Maier et al., 2010). Nevertheless, many uncertainties remain. The objective of this research project was to estimate the risks of death beyond the age of 90.
- "Modelling and Forecasting Mortality" [FR] | 2018 | Author: Marius D. Pascariu |
The project was aimed at understanding and modelling mortality evolution using mathematical/demographic models. For the world as a whole, life expectancy has more than doubled over the past two centuries. This transformation of the duration of life has greatly enhanced the quantity and quality of people’s lives. It has fueled an enormous increase in economic output and in population size, including an upsurge in the number of elderly.
Economy & Finance
- "Intermediation and Voluntary Exposure to Counterparty Risk" [EN] | 10.2017 | Maryam Farboodi |
During the 2019 Young Researcher Award, the selection committee headed by Gilles Saint-Paul, scientific director of the SCOR-PSE Chair, awarded the 2019 prize to Maryam Farboodi, Assistant Professor of Finance at the MIT Sloan School of Management for her paper titled “International and Voluntary Exposure to Counterparty Risk”. In this paper, Maryam develops a model of the financial sector in which endogenous intermediation among debt-financed banks generates excessive systemic risk.
Environment & Biodiversity
- "Biodiversity and Re/Insurance: An Ecosystem at Risk” [EN] | 04.2021 | Authors: J. Chandellier and M. Malacain |
Funded by SCOR, SCOR-MNHN Research Chair in Biodiversity and (Re)Insurance aims to assess the current diversity situation and to study the current and potential interactions between biodiversity and (re)insurance, particularly in terms of damage caused and constraints to be imposed.
Health & Long-Term Care
- "POSEIDON Project Report" [EN] | 2022 | Author: Pr Bruno Dubois, IM2A |
The research was conducted mainly in Paris with collaborations with other international research centers. Decades of disappointments in the search for a cure for Alzheimer’s Disease have led the designers of this project to consider that there were far too many shortcuts, oversimplifications and not very well supported assumptions in this field of research. Therefore, is was necessary to generate new scientific data to get a much better knowledge and understanding of the disease.
- "POSEIDON Project on Alzheimer’s disease" [EN-FR] | 2021 | Author: PR Bruno Dubois, Neurologist |
The primary aim of this research program is to identify a precise set of reliable biomarkers (panels) reflecting the underlying pathophysiological pathways from molecular to functional connectivity mechanisms. Such panels provide a systematic and personalized classification of individuals into distinctive biological-functional stages of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), along the continuum.
- "Covid-19: First Research Results" [EN] | 2020 | Authors: Jean-Laurent Casanova, Laurent Abel |
Research by the Franco-U.S. team led jointly by Jean-Laurent Casanova and Laurent Abel and supported financially by the SCOR Corporate Foundation for Science could help to identify people at risk of developing a severe form of Covid-19, and thus to provide better care for this patient population.
- "Identifying inborn errors of immunity in tuberculosis (TB) to propose new immune system-restoring treatments of TB" [EN] | 2021 | Author: Dr. Laurent ABEL |
The project was aiming to identify and characterize novel single-gene inborn errors of immunity responsible for childhood and adult TB (tuberculosis). This objective has been achieved by using 1) cutting-edge genome-wide strategies, including, in particular WES (whole exome sequencing) analyses, and 2) in-depth functional studies to validate the genetic variants identified. This strategy has been applied to a unique collection of patients with either childhood or adult TB based on a large international network of collaborations.
- “Tuberculosis and impaired IL-23-dependent IFN-γ immunity in humans homozygous for a common TYK2 missense variant” [EN] | Sci Immunol., 2018 December 21 | Author: Laurent ABEL, Jean-Laurent CASANOVA, et al. |
- “Homozygosity for TYK2 P1104A underlies tuberculosis in about 1% of patients in a cohort of European ancestry”[EN] | Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A., 2019 May 21 | Author: Laurent ABEL, Jean-Laurent CASANOVA, et al. |
- “Inherited PD-1 deficiency underlies tuberculosis and autoimmunity in a child” [EN] | Nat Med., 2021 Jun 28 | Author: Laurent ABEL, Jean-Laurent CASANOVA, et al. |
- “Inherited deficiency of stress granule ZNFX1 in patients with monocytosis and mycobacterial disease” [EN] | Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A., 2021 Apr 13 | Author: Laurent ABEL, Jean-Laurent CASANOVA, et al. |
- “Human T-bet Governs Innate and Innate-like Adaptive IFN-γ Immunity against Mycobacteria.” [EN] | Cell., 2020 Dec 23 (available for download on this link from December 23, 2021) starting from 23 December 2021) | Author: Laurent ABEL, Jean-Laurent CASANOVA, et al. |
- “Inherited human IFN-γ deficiency underlies mycobacterial disease” [EN] | J Clin Invest., 2020 Jun 1 | Author: Laurent ABEL, Jean-Laurent CASANOVA, et al. |
- “Genome-wide association study of resistance to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection identifies a locus at 10q26.2 in three distinct populations.” [EN] | PLoS Genet., 2021 Mar 4 | Author: Laurent ABEL, Jean-Laurent CASANOVA, et al. |
- "2nd Activity Report of the EMSC" [EN] | 04.2022 | Author: Rémy Bossu on behalf of the EMSC Team |
Social media is leveraged in research conducted by the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre’s Dr. Rémy Bossu, in Bruyères le Châtel, France. “OMG earthquake!” - Such messages appear on Twitter within seconds of earthquakes felt in California. This illustrates how social media and smartphones have penetrated every aspect of our lives and how they have turned the Internet into the digital nervous system of our planet!
- "Evaluation of macroseismic intensity, strong ground motion pattern and fault model of the 19 July 2019 Mw5.1 earthquake west of Athens" [EN] | 07.2019 | Authors: V. Kouskouna, A. Ganas, M. Kleanthi, I. Kassaras, N. Sakellariou, G. Sakkas, S. Valkaniotis, E. Manousou, G. Bozionelos, V. Tsironi, I. Karamitros, N. Tavoularis, Ch. Papaioannou, R. Bossu |
By providing a wealth of data, a moderate earthquake that occurred near Athens, Greece on July 19, 2019, illustrates how crowdsourced data from EMSC can complement data from seismological networks to better characterize and map earthquake effects. This original research article presents a joint analysis of the instrumental and macroseismic data collected for this earthquake.
- "Global Earthquake Forecasting System" [EN] | 10.2017 | Authors: F. Freund - Y. Kamer - G. Ouillon - A. Rau - D. Sanadgol - J. Scoville - D. Sornette (ETH Zurich and GeoCosmo) |
The overall objective of the Global Earthquake Forecast System is to provide a reliable, rigorously tested platform to issue earthquake predictions within the few days or weeks before a large event strikes a vulnerable area. It thus requires to simultaneously process a wide range of physical data provided by different sensors embarked on satellites or located on the ground.
- "Reinsurance demand and liquidity creation: A search for bi-causality" [EN] | 01.2022 | Authors: D. Desjardins, G. Dionne, N’Golo Koné |
This report analyzes the relationship between insurers’ liquidity creation and reinsurance demand. The objective was to measure the various risks faced by American Non-Life insurers and infer their demand for reinsurance, considering the risk management alternatives available. Early theoretical contributions on liquidity creation propose that financial institutions enhance economic growth by creating liquidity in the economy.
- "Assessing the Feasibility and Development of a Forage Insurance Plan using Satellite-Derived Biophysical Parameters with a Focus on the Provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan, Canada" [EN] | 03.2018 | Authors: C. Brock Porth, L. Porth, M. Boyd, Ken Seng Tan, Wenjun Zhu |
The overall objective of the research was to develop improved index-based forage insurance products for the Provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan, to address the current low demand for forage insurance and improve producer risk management. The results of this research show that there are strong correlations in the satellite-based indices compared to the ground truth forage yield data in both Alberta and Saskatchewan.